This hadith (saying of Prophet Muhammad(PBUH) – ” Ma’n Kuntu Mawla, Faha’za Ali’un Mawla [ He of whom I am the Mawla, of him Ali is also the Mawla] was made at a place called Ghadir-e- Khum on his return from the Farewell Pilgrimage (Hajj), was the foundation upon which the continuation of Khuda’s message was established.
The Quran places great emphasis on the importance of blood relationships/near relatives. There are many verses on the obligations of kinship and the families of the Prophet in the Quran. It says that God has chosen the descendants of Adam, Noha Abraham and Israel above the people (19:58), in another verse God says that He bestowed upon them (Chosen Family) Imamate after being tested with certain commandments (2:124). Every Prophet of his age always appointed a wasi (successor) to carry the Divine message, to interpret the law (Sharia) to warn people and to remind them of their duties to God.
Wilfred Madelung in his book “The succession to Muhammad” stresses that even the Sunni concept of the true Caliphate itself defines it as a succession of the Prophet in every respect except Prophethood. He asks quoting the verse of the Quran where blood relations have closer ties to each other in the Book of God ( 6:84-89) -why should Prophet Muhammad (s.a.s) not be succeeded in it by any of his family like the earlier Prophets? If God really wanted to indicate that he should not be succeeded by any of them why did He not let die his grandsons (Hassan and Husayn) like his son?
Prophet Adam (a.s) appointed Seth as his wasi (successor), Prophet Noah (a.s) appointed Sam, Prophet Abraham (a.s) made nass on his son Ismael; Prophet Moses (a.s) appointed his brother Haron, Prophet Jesus (a.s) appointed Shamu’n , Prophet David (a.s) appointed his son Solomon, Prophet Isaac (a.s) appointed his son Jacob. In the same way Prophet Muhammad (s.a.s) according to the Divine tradition kept up by his predecessors appointed his first cousin and son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib to be his successor [wasi] as the first Imam.
Prophet Muhammad (s.a.s) was Spiritual at the same was worldly leader of Muslims (Emir ul-Momnenin and Imam ul-Muslimin. Similarly the Progeny inherits both temporal and spiritual sovereignty. The Progeny ( Ahlul Bayt) have always been present to guide according to time and space. Conditions prevailing thousands of years ago were different from those at present and years to come the conditions will totally change. In Islam guidance ought to suit the times because it is a dynamic religion.
Almighty Allah sent four different holy books at different times. The first Book Taurat and then the revelation of three subsequent Books show that fresh and timely guidance was always necessary to keep faith alive and extending.
“Just as fresh food is essential for the progress of material body, in the same way fresh guidance was also necessary for spiritual advancement.” This was remarked by Imam Muhammad-ul-Baqir (a.s) when a Christian Missionary was preaching his religion – religion of Jesus Christ.
Therefore only those who are Surat Parast [form worshipers] deny the supremacy of Prophets and Imams and consider them like themselves. To this Mawlana Rumi warns them to be careful in their analogy because Iblis Judged Adam from his appearance. He further says in Masnavi:
“Do not measure the actions of The Holy Men by (the analogy of) yourself
Thou “Sher” (Lion) and Shir (Milk) are similar in writing.
Imam Ali (a.s) in his letter to Muawiya says!
“We (Ahlul Bayt, the Progeny of the Holy Prophet) are unique examples of creation of Allah. For such a status, we are not under obligation to any person or tribe but the Almighty Allah granted us these blessings. Human beings have received and will receive perfection through us. The perpetual supremacy and inherent superiority do not prevent us from making contact with human beings or with your clan, and we have married amongst you and have established family connections with yours (as well as with others) clan, though you do not belong to our class. “-Letter No.28
According to the following verse of Quran we are advised to “Obey” Allah, Prophet and Divine Authority without judging, exaggeration and immoderation.
“Obey God, His Apostle and those in Divine Authority amongst you” – (4:59)
Eid-e Ghadeer Mubarak!